This is Part 4 of the series locating the extent of dependence of the Book of Moses on the text of the KJV Genesis. You can see Part 1 here,  Part 2 here, and Part 3 here. All of these posts are based on the textual analysis of Kent P. Jackson, The Book of Moses and the Joseph Smith Translation Manuscripts (Provo: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2005). I would like to add here that I am grateful to Kent P. Jackson, Robert J. Matthews, and Scott H. Faulring for their individual and collective work with the original manuscripts of the JST.  Each of my posts here on this blog look at each specific chapter, the chapter number synonymous with that of the “Part” number.

In this post I examine Moses 4. Moses represents a more sophisticated updating to Gen. than Moses 3 due to its lengthier additions. Moses 4 updates the text of the second creation account in Gen. 2-3, particularly chapter 3. This account is attributed to J by critical scholars, and non-P by those who follow fragmentary and supplementary models of explaining the composition of the Pentateuch. The additions have been noted in the footnotes, and the reader is again invited to check these using the website www.blueletterbible.org. This is a fantastic resource in checking where language and phraseology are in the different translations of the bible.

 

Moses 4

 

(OT2 Page 7; Moses 3:12-4:3)

 

[1] And I the Lord God[1] spake unto Moses[2] saying, That Satan whom thou hast commanded[3] in the name of[4] mine only begotten[5] is the same which was from the beginning,[6] and he came before me[7] saying, Behold I, send me,[8] I will be thy Son, and I will redeem all mankind, that one soul shall not be lost; and surely, I will do it;[9] Wherefore, give me thine honor. [2] But, behold; my beloved Son[10] which was my beloved and chosen from the beginning,[11] saith <said>

unto me;

Father, thy will be done,[12] and the glory be thine forever. [3] Wherefore, because that satan rebelled against me,[13] and sought to destroy[14] the

 

(OT2 Page 8; Moses 4:3-20)

 

Agency of man, which I, the Lord God had given him;[15] and also that I should give unto him[16] mine own power; by the power of[17] mine only begotten,[18] I caused that he should be cast down,[19] [4] and he became Satan; yea, even the Devil,[20] the father of all lies, to deceive, and to blind men, and to lead them captive[21] at his will, even as many as would not[22] hearken unto my voice.[23] [5] and now the Serpent was more subtle[24] then[25] any beast of the field which I[26] the Lord God had made [6] and Satan put it into the heart[27] of the serpent[28] for he had drew away many after him;[29] and he sought also to beguile Eve,[30] for he knew not the mind of Godl Wherefore, he sought[31] to destroy the world,[32] [7] yea and he said unto the woman, yea, hath God said, ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden. and he spake by the mouth of[33] the Serpent[34] [8] <And the woman said unto the Serpent, we may eat of the

fruit of the trees of the garden> [9] but, of the fruit of the tree

which thou beholdest[35] in the midst of

the garden, God hath said ye shall not eat of it neither

shall ye touch it lest ye die [10] <And the serpent said unto the woman

ye shall not surely die> [11] for God doth know that in

the day ye eat thereof then your eyes shall be opened and ye shall be as Gods knowing good and evil. [12] and when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it became[36] pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make her[37] wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat; [13] and the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they had been[38] naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves aprons. [14] and they heard the voice of the Lord God, <as he was <as they were>>[39] walking in the garden in the cool

of the day and Adam

and his wife hid <went to hide>[40] themselves from the presence of I[41] the

Lord God

amongst the trees of the garden [15] and I[42] the Lord God called unto Adam and said unto him Where goest[43] thou [16] and he said I heard thy voice in the garden and I was afraid because I beheld that I[44] was naked and I hid myself. [17] and I the Lord God[45] said unto Adam[46] who told thee that thou wast naked hast thou eaten of the tree whereof I commanded[36] thee that thou shouldest[47] not eat if so thou

should<est>[48]

surely die[49] [18] and the man said, the woman whom thou gavest[50] me and saidest <unto her>[51] remain with thee[52] she gave me of the[53] tree

and I

did eat. [19] and I,[54] the Lord God, said unto the woman, what is this thing which[55] thou hast done. and[56] the woman said, the Serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. [20] and[57] <I>[58] the Lord God

said unto the

serpent, because thou hast done this, thou shalt be[59] cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy

 

(OT2 Page 9; Moses 4:20-5:1)

 

Belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life; [21] and I will put enmity between thee, and the woman; between they[60] seed and her seed, and it <he>[61] shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt

bruise

his heel. [22] unto the woman I the Lord God[62] said I will greatly

multiply thy

sorrow, and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children, and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee. [23] and unto Adam, I, the Lord God,[63] said; because

thou

hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the[64] tree which I commanded thee, saying; thou shalt not eat of it; cursed shall be[65] the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt

thou eat of it all the days of thy life; [24] thorns also, and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; [25] in[66] the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, until[67] thou shalt[68] return unto the ground, for thou shalt surely die[69] for out of it wast thou taken, for dust thou wast,[70] and unto dust shalt thou return. [26] and Adam called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living; for thus have I the Lord God called the first of all women, which are many.[71] [27] <Unto Adam also, and

to his wife, did I[72] the Lord God, make coats of Skin and clothed

them> [28] And I,[73] the

Lord God, said, unto mine only begotten[74] Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now lest he put forth his hand, and partake[75] also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever; [29] therefore, I,[76] the lord God sent <will send>[77] him forth from

the garden of

Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken; [30] for, as I, the Lord God, liveth, even so my word<s> cannot return void, for, as they go forth out of my mouth,[78] they must be fulfilled.[79] [31] so I[80] drove out the man, and I[81] placed at the east of the garden of Eden, Cherubims and a flaming Sword, which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. [32] <(> and these[82] are the words which I spake

unto[83]

my servant Moses and they are true even as I will and I have spoken them unto you see thou show them unto no man until I command you except they that believe amen <)>[84]

 

[1] P. The phrase “and the Lord God” appears in the KJV exactly 19 times (17 OT; 2 NT).

[2] P. The phrase “spake unto Moses” appears in the KJV exactly 111 times (110 OT; 1 NT).

[3] P. The phrase “thou hast commanded” appears in the KJV exactly 8 times (7 OT; 1 NT).

[4] P. The phrase “in the name of” appears in the KJV exactly 64 times (35 OT; 29 NT).

[5] P. The phrase “only begotten” appears 6 times in the NT: John 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18; Heb. 11:17; 1 John 4:9.

[6] E. 1 John 1:1.

[7] E. John 10:8.

[8] E. Isa. 6:8.

[9] P. The phrase “I will do it” appears in the KJV exactly 3 times (2 OT; 1 NT).

[10] P. The phrase “my beloved Son” appears exactly 11 times in the KJV (all NT).

[11] E. Matt. 12:18.

[12] P(E?). Matt. 26:42; Luke 11:2.

[13] P. The phrase “rebelled against me” appears in the KJV exactly 7 times (all OT).

[14] P. Esth. 3:6; Luke 19:47.

[15] P. The phrase “the Lord had given him” appears in the KJV exactly 3 times (all OT).

[16] P. The phrase “give unto him” appears in the KJV exactly 4 times (2 OT; 2 NT).

[17] P. The phrase “by the power of” appears in the KJV exactly 4 times (all NT).

[18] P. The phrase “only begotten” appears 6 times in the NT: John 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18; Heb. 11:17; 1 John 4:9.

[19] E. Rev. 12:9.

[20] E. Rev. 12:9; 20:2.

[21] E. 2 Chron. 30:9.

[22] E. Rev. 13:15.

[23] P. Ex. 4:1; 2 Kgs. 10:6.

[24] The KJV has “subtil.” The text of Moses up to verse five has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

[25] The KJV has “than.”

[26] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[27] E. John 13:2. The text running from “Satan put it into…to destroy the world” has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

[28] E. Rev. 12:14.

[29] E. Acts 5:37.

[30] E. Gen. 3:13.

[31] OT1 has “thought.”

[32] See nt. 27.

[33] E. Luke 1:70.

[34] The line “and he spake by the mouth of the Serpent” has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

[35] The KJV has “which is in the midst.”

[36] The KJV has “and that it was pleasant.”

[37] The KJV has “to make one wise.”

[38] The KJV has “they were naked.”

[39] The phrase “as they were” has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

[40] The KJV has “his wife hid themselves.”

[41] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[42] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[43] The KJV has “Where art thou?”

[44] The KJV has “because I was naked.”

[45] The KJV has “And he said, Who told.”

[46] The phrase “unto Adam” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[47] OT1 has “shouldst,” as does the KJV Gen.

[48] OT1 has “shouldst.”

[49] E. Gen. 2:17. This line has no precedent in Gen. 3:11.

[50] The KJV has “thou gavest to be with me.”

[51] OT1 has “saidest <commanded that She Should>.”

[52] OT1 has “thee<me>.” The phrase “and saidest <unto her> remain with thee” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[53] OT1 has “<fruit of the>.”

[54] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[55] The KJV has “what is this that thou hast.”

[56] Not in OT1.

[57] OT1 has “and the Lord God.”

[58] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[59] The KJV has “thou art cursed above.”

[60] The KJV has “thy.”

[61] The KJV has “her seed: it shall bruise.”

[62] The phrase “the Lord God” is not in OT1. The KJV has “the woman he said, I will.”

[63] The KJV has “unto Adam, he said, Because thou.”

[64] OT1 has “the fruit of the tree of which.”

[65] The KJV has “cursed is the ground.”

[66] OT1 has “by.”

[67] The KJV has “till.”

[68] The word “shalt” has no precedent here in the KJV.

[69] The phrase “for thou shalt surely die” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen. It is an echo (E.) of Gen. 2:17.

[70] The KJV has “for dust thou art, and.”

[71] This line “for thus have I…which are many” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[72] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[73] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[74] The phrase “unto mine only begotten” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen. P. The phrase “only begotten” appears 6 times in the NT: John 1:14, 18; 3:16, 18; Heb. 11:17; 1 John 4:9.

[75] The KJV has “take.”

[76] The word “I” has no precedent here in the KJV Gen.

[77] The KJV has “lord God sent him forth.”

[78] I. Q. Isa. 55:11. The entire verse 30 here has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

[79] E. Luke 24:44.

[80] The KJV has “he.”

[81] The KJV has “he.”

[82] OT1 has “those.”

[83] I.Q. Luke 24:44.

[84] The entire verse 32 has no precedent in the KJV Gen.

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